#### Answer

a) y is $f(x)$ shifted 8 units upwards.
b) y is $f(x)$ shifted 8 units to the left.
c) y is $f(x)$ virtecally stretched by 8.
d) y is $f(x)$ horizontally shrunk by $\frac{1}{8}$.
e) y is $f(x)$ reflected over the x-axis and then shifted downwards by 1.
f) y is $f(x)$ horizontally shrunk by $\frac{1}{8}$ and then virtecally stretched by 8.

#### Work Step by Step

a) y is $f(x)$ shifted 8 units upwards.
b) y is $f(x)$ shifted 8 units to the left.
c) y is $f(x)$ vertically stretched by 8.
d) y is $f(x)$ horizontally shrunk by $\frac{1}{8}$.
e) y is $f(x)$ reflected over the x-axis and then shifted downwards by 1.
f) y is $f(x)$ horizontally shrunk by $\frac{1}{8}$ and then virtecally stretched by 8.