## Calculus 8th Edition

a) y is $f(x)$ shifted 8 units upwards. b) y is $f(x)$ shifted 8 units to the left. c) y is $f(x)$ virtecally stretched by 8. d) y is $f(x)$ horizontally shrunk by $\frac{1}{8}$. e) y is $f(x)$ reflected over the x-axis and then shifted downwards by 1. f) y is $f(x)$ horizontally shrunk by $\frac{1}{8}$ and then virtecally stretched by 8.
a) y is $f(x)$ shifted 8 units upwards. b) y is $f(x)$ shifted 8 units to the left. c) y is $f(x)$ vertically stretched by 8. d) y is $f(x)$ horizontally shrunk by $\frac{1}{8}$. e) y is $f(x)$ reflected over the x-axis and then shifted downwards by 1. f) y is $f(x)$ horizontally shrunk by $\frac{1}{8}$ and then virtecally stretched by 8.