Introductory Algebra for College Students (7th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0-13417-805-X
ISBN 13: 978-0-13417-805-9

Chapter 9 - Section 9.2 - Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square - Exercise Set - Page 638: 3


$x^2-2x+1 \Rightarrow (x-1)^2 $

Work Step by Step

The third term of a perfect square trinomial is equal to the square of half the coefficient of the middle term. Hence, to complete the square of the given expression $ x^2-2x ,$ the third term must be \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel}\left( \dfrac{-2}{2} \right)^2\\\\=\left( -1 \right)^2\\\\= 1 .\end{array} Using $a^2\pm2ab+b^2=(a\pm b)^2$, then \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} x^2-2x+1 \Rightarrow (x-1)^2 .\end{array}
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