Elementary and Intermediate Algebra: Concepts & Applications (6th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0-32184-874-8
ISBN 13: 978-0-32184-874-1

Chapter 14 - Sequences, Series, and the Binomial Theorem - Review Exercises: Chapter 14 - Page 927: 8


False statement

Work Step by Step

${{\left( x+y \right)}^{^{17}}}$. The binomial theorem, for any binomial $\left( a+b \right)$ and any natural number $n$, ${{\left( a+b \right)}^{n}}={{c}_{0}}{{a}^{n}}{{b}^{0}}+{{c}_{1}}{{a}^{n-1}}{{b}^{1}}+{{c}_{2}}{{a}^{n-2}}{{b}^{2}}+\cdots +{{c}_{n-1}}{{a}^{1}}{{b}^{n-1}}+{{c}_{n}}{{a}^{0}}{{b}^{n}}$ Where the constants ${{c}_{0}},{{c}_{1}},{{c}_{2}},\ldots ,{{c}_{n}}$ are known as the binomial coefficient. And the number of terms in the expression after combining like terms in the expansion is $\left( n+1 \right)$ terms. The given expression is ${{\left( x+y \right)}^{^{17}}}$. Compare ${{\left( x+y \right)}^{^{17}}}$ to ${{\left( a+b \right)}^{n}}$ in which $n=17$ Thus, the number of terms N is, $\begin{align} & N=\left( n+1 \right) \\ & =\left( 17+1 \right) \\ & =18 \end{align}$ Therefore, the expansion of ${{\left( x+y \right)}^{^{17}}}$has 18 terms not 19. Thus, the given statement is false.
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