College Algebra (11th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321671791
ISBN 13: 978-0-32167-179-0

Chapter 1 - Section 1.6 - Other Types of Equations and Applications - 1.6 Exercises: 36

Answer

$x=6$

Work Step by Step

$\bf{\text{Solution Outline:}}$ To solve the given radical equation, $ x-\sqrt{3x+18}=0 ,$ use the properties of equality to isolate the radical. Then square both sides and use concepts of quadratic equations to solve for the variable. Finally, it is a must to do checking of the solution. $\bf{\text{Solution Details:}}$ Using properties of equality to isolate the radical, the equation above is equivalent to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} x=\sqrt{3x+18} .\end{array} Squaring both sides and using properties of equality to express the result in $ax^2+bx+c=0$ form result to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} x^2=3x+18 \\\\ x^2-3x-18=0 .\end{array} In the trinomial expression above, the value of $ac$ is $ 1(-18)=-18 $ and the value of $b$ is $ -3 .$ The $2$ numbers that have a product of $ac$ and a sum of $b$ are $\left\{ 3,-6 \right\}.$ Using these $2$ numbers to decompose the middle term of the trinomial expression above results to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} x^2+3x-6x-18=0 .\end{array} Grouping the first and second terms and the third and fourth terms, the given expression is equivalent to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} (x^2+3x)-(6x+18)=0 .\end{array} Factoring the $GCF$ in each group results to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} x(x+3)-6(x+3)=0 .\end{array} Factoring the $GCF= (x+3) $ of the entire expression above results to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} (x+3)(x-6)=0 .\end{array} Equating each factor to zero (Zero Product Property), then \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} x+3=0 \\\\\text{OR}\\\\ x-6=0 .\end{array} Solving each equation results to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} x+3=0 \\\\ x=-3 \\\\\text{OR}\\\\ x-6=0 \\\\ x=6 .\end{array} Upon checking, only $ x=6 $ satisfies the original equation.
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