#### Answer

x+y=16
x+3y=16

#### Work Step by Step

The total of two numbers means adding two numbers together. Let's call the two numbers x and y. So its total will be:
x+y=16
The first number, x, plus 2 (x+2) more (plus) than 3 times the second, y (multiply 3) is (equals) 18
So x+2 + 3y = 18, which then simplifies to x+3y=16
so:
x+y=16
x+3y=16