Monkey: A Folk Novel of China

Monkey: A Folk Novel of China Irony

Monkey's Transformation (Situational Irony)

Perhaps one of the more obvious ironies in Monkey is the fact that Monkey, a creature who previously was the mischievous bane of Heaven, became a devoted follower of Tripitaka and believer in their quest. Whereas before Monkey used his ingeniousness and religion simply as a tool to gain what he wanted, throughout the remainder of their journey, Monkey is at times the glue that holds the group together. He believes and comforts Tripitaka when there seems to be no end to their challenges, revealing the pattern that has unfolded, and inspiring further hope.

Sandy and Pigsy (Dramatic Irony)

There is extensive dramatic irony in Monkey in the misunderstandings that occur between the four travelers and those who are there to help them, but appear to be monsters at first. In fact, two prime examples of this are two of the travelers -- Sandy and Pigsy -- whom Monkey and Tripitaka met under strained circumstances, believing them to be monsters. However, once both heard who Tripitaka was and what his mission was, they realized that this was the man that Kuan-yin had sent them to wait for and help.

Monkey in Heaven (Situational Irony)

The Jade Emperor originally brought Monkey up into Heaven to keep him close and occupied; however, instead of getting into trouble on earth, Monkey simply wreaked equal, if not greater, havoc in Heaven.

Paying for Scripture (Situational Irony)

Despite having journeyed from China to India and overcome numerous obstacles and tests of faith, the four disciples are still required to pay for the scriptures before they can take them back.