Heart of a Dog

Introduction

Heart of a Dog (Russian: Собачье сердце, Sobachye serdtse) is a novella by Russian author Mikhail Bulgakov. A biting satire of Bolshevism, it was written in 1925 at the height of the NEP period, when communism appeared to be relaxing in the Soviet Union.[1] It is generally interpreted as an allegory of the Communist revolution and "the revolution's misguided attempt to radically transform mankind."[2] Its publication was initially prohibited in the Soviet Union, but it circulated in samizdat until it was officially released in the country in 1987. The novella has become a cultural phenomenon in Russia, known and discussed by people "from schoolchildren to politicians."[3] It has become a subject of critical argument, was filmed in Russian and Italian-language versions, and was adapted in English as a play and an opera.[4]


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