Guns, Germs, and Steel

Guns, Germs, and Steel Sources and ClassicNote Author

  • Jared Diamond. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. NYC: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1997.
  • Hawkins, Mike. Social Darwinism in European and American Thought, 1860-1945: Nature as Model and Nature as Threat. Cambridge University Press, 1997.

  • Jaschik, Scott. “'Guns, Germs, and Steel' Reconsidered.” Inside Higher Ed, 2005,

  • “Social Darwinism.” Inside Higher Ed, American Museum of Natural History,

  • “History of Scientific Racism.” Encyclopedia of Race and Racism,,

  • Olson, Benjamin. “Scientific Racism: Definition & Examples.”,,

  • Siegel, Eric. “The Real Problem with Charles Murray and "The Bell Curve".” Scientific American Blog, Scientific American, 12 Apr. 2017,