1. The play alludes to many factual historical events, for example, the Battle of Bannockburn, and the pitiful performance of Edward on the battlefield and as a general in charge of his army.
2. Leander (I.1.8): Lover of Hero in Greek Mythology; Leander would swim every night to go see Hero.
3. Dian (I.1.60) and Acteon (66): Acteon was a son of a herdsman who fell prey to the wrath of Diana and was subsequently turned into a stag and torn apart by hounds
4. Phaeton (I.4.16): the son of the sun god, Helios, who asked to drive the chariot of the sun through the sky but went too close to the Earth and scorched it, and was then struck by Zeus's thunderbolt and fell to Earth
5. Jove and Ganymede (I.4.180): a handsome mortal whom Jove falls in love with and abducts in the form of an eagle
6. Hymen (I.4.174): god of marriage ceremonies, a winged love god
7. "fly / As fast as Iris or Jove's Mercury" (I.4.370-71): Mercury is the god of commerce, communication, messages, divination; Iris is a goddess of the rainbow, cup-bearer to the gods, and also a messenger
8. Proteus, god of shapes (I.4.411): a sea-god, known as a shifter of shapes
9. Saint George (III.3.35): a Christian martyr, patron saint of Europe, figure of selflessness
10. Jove and Danae (III.4.47-48): a mortal whom Jove loved and seduced/impregnated as a shower of golden rain and light
11. "Let Pluto's bells ring out my fatal knell, / And hags howl for my death at Charon's shore" (IV.7.88-89): Charon is the ferryman in Pluto's Underworld, taking souls across the River Styx