Candide

References

  1. ^ Wootton (2000), p. 1
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Aldridge (1975), pp. 251–254
  3. ^ a b Davidson (2005), pp. 52–53
  4. ^ a b c d e f Williams (1997), pp. 1–3
  5. ^ "Candide". Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman. Retrieved 17 August 2019..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  6. ^ Candide, ou L'optimisme , traduit de l'allemand de M. le docteur Ralph (1 ed.). 1759. Retrieved 27 May 2015. via Gallica
  7. ^ Critical Survey of Short Fiction (2001)
  8. ^ Pangloss
  9. ^ Mason (1992), p. 10
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Davidson (2005), p. 54
  11. ^ a b c Aldridge (1975), p. 260
  12. ^ Waldinger (1987), p. ix
  13. ^ Wade (1959b), p. 88
  14. ^ a b Radner & Radner (1998), pp. 669–686
  15. ^ Mason (1992), p. 4
  16. ^ Wade (1959b), p. 93
  17. ^ Wade (1959b), pp. 88, 93
  18. ^ Grimmelshausen 1669.
  19. ^ Havens (1973), pp. 844–845
  20. ^ Wade (1959b), p. 296
  21. ^ Broome (1960), p. 510
  22. ^ Means (2006), pp. 1–3
  23. ^ Gopnik (2005)
  24. ^ McGhee (1943), pp. 438, 440
  25. ^ Aldridge (1975), p. 155
  26. ^ Mason (1970), pp. 19–35
  27. ^ Wade (1959a), p. 65
  28. ^ Torrey (1929), p. 446
  29. ^ a b c Wade (1956), pp. 3–4
  30. ^ Havens (1932), p. 225
  31. ^ Wade (1959b), pp. 145, 156
  32. ^ Rouillard (1962)
  33. ^ Wade (1957), p. 94
  34. ^ Torrey (1929), pp. 445–447
  35. ^ Wade (1959b), p. 182
  36. ^ a b Wade (1959a), pp. 63–88
  37. ^ Wade (1957), p. 96
  38. ^ Voltaire [1759] (1959)
  39. ^ Taylor (1979), p. 207
  40. ^ Williams (1997), p. 97
  41. ^ Bellhouse (2006), p. 780
  42. ^ Bellhouse (2006), p. 756
  43. ^ Bellhouse (2006), p. 757
  44. ^ Bellhouse (2006), p. 769
  45. ^ Waldinger (1987), p. 23
  46. ^ Williams (1997), pp. 26–27
  47. ^ Beck (1999), p. 203
  48. ^ Leister (1985), pp. 32–33
  49. ^ a b Smollett (2008), Ch. 4. ("matelot furieux")
  50. ^ Ch. 7. (la vieille")
  51. ^ a b c Ayer (1986), pp. 143–145
  52. ^ "Voltaire – Candide XVIII".
  53. ^ Aldridge (1975), p. 254
  54. ^ Wootton (2000), p. xvii
  55. ^ This is one of the most famous quotes from the novel. See Alex Massie, Pour encourager les autres? Oui, monsieur..., The Spectator (31 July 2007).
  56. ^ Voltaire [1759] (1959), pp. 107–108
  57. ^ a b Voltaire [1759] (1959), p. 112,113
  58. ^ a b c Barasch (1985), p. 3
  59. ^ a b Starobinski (1976), p. 194
  60. ^ Wade (1959b), p. 133
  61. ^ Aldridge (1975), p. 255
  62. ^ a b Ayer (1986), p. 139
  63. ^ Havens (1973), p. 843
  64. ^ a b Bottiglia (1968), pp. 89–92
  65. ^ Vannini (2011), pp. 106–107
  66. ^ Wade (1959b), pp. 303–305
  67. ^ Waldinger (1987), p. 20
  68. ^ Readings on Candide (2001), p. 92
  69. ^ a b Bottiglia (1951), pp. 727, 731
  70. ^ Davidson (2005), p. 55
  71. ^ Scherr (1993)
  72. ^ Aldridge (1975), p. 258
  73. ^ Readings on Candide (2001), p. 121
  74. ^ Bottiglia (1951), p. 720
  75. ^ Smollett (2008), Ch. 1
  76. ^ Aldridge (1975), pp. 251–254, 361
  77. ^ Leister (1985), p. 29
  78. ^ Bottiglia (1951), pp. 723–724
  79. ^ Bottiglia (1951), p. 726
  80. ^ Leister (1985), p. 26
  81. ^ Braun, Sturzer, Meyer (1988)
  82. ^ Wolper (1969), pp. 265–277
  83. ^ Bottiglia (1951), pp. 719–720
  84. ^ Braun, Sturzer & Meyer (1988), pp. 569–571
  85. ^ Braun, Sturzer & Meyer (1988), p. 574
  86. ^ Crocker (1971)
  87. ^ a b Voltaire [1759] (1931), p. vii
  88. ^ Wade (1959b), p. xiii
  89. ^ a b c d Mason (1992), pp. 13–15
  90. ^ Will Durant (1965). The Story of Civilization Volume 9:The Age of Voltaire. Simon&Schuster. p. 724.
  91. ^ Mason (1992), ch. 3
  92. ^ a b Haight (1970), p. 33
  93. ^ Hobbs (1930), p. 190
  94. ^ Bowerman (1931), p. 20
  95. ^ Boyer (2002), p. 209
  96. ^ a b Bottiglia (1959), p. 247
  97. ^ Mason (1992), ch. 2
  98. ^ Britannica (2008)
  99. ^ Readings on Candide (2001), pp. 112–113
  100. ^ Kamrath (1991), pp. 5–14
  101. ^ Monty (2006), p. 5
  102. ^ Mason (1992), pp. 33, 37
  103. ^ Mason (1992), p. 98
  104. ^ Monty (2006), p. 151
  105. ^ Young, James D. (1988). Socialism Since 1889: A Biographical History. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 91.
  106. ^ a b Astbury (2005), p. 503
  107. ^ Clark (1993), pp. VIII, IX
  108. ^ Grams, Martin (2008-02-27). Radio drama : a comprehensive chronicle of American network programs, 1932-1962. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN 978-0786438716. OCLC 188535974.
  109. ^ Peyser (1987), p. 247
  110. ^ a b Peyser (1987), p. 248
  111. ^ Peyser (1987), pp. 249–251
  112. ^ Morrison (2002), p. 59
  113. ^ Burns (2000), p. 992
  114. ^ "Candide". Collections Search. British Film Institute. n.d. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  115. ^ Hitchins (2002), p. 160
  116. ^ Silva (2000), pp. 784–785
  117. ^ Malandain (1989)
  118. ^ Boztas (2009)
  119. ^ "Shows". Mudlark Theater. Retrieved 2019-05-03.

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