Known to the public as the Coen Brothers, Joel and Ethan Coen have spent their careers making films together, often exploring different genres with playful and satirical variations on tried and true conventions. They each write, direct, and produce the films together, and together have been nominated for 13 Academy Awards. They won the Palme d'Or at Cannes and have written a number of screenplays for other directors.
The Coen Brothers were born and raised in Minnesota to a Jewish family, a fact about which Joel once said, "There's no doubt that our Jewish heritage affects how we see things." After both studying at Bard College at Simon's Rock, Joel went to study film at NYU, while Ethan studied Philosophy at Princeton, writing his thesis on Wittgenstein. After Joel had assisted on a few movies, he and Ethan made their first film together, Blood Simple, a neo-noir set in Texas and starring Frances McDormand, a frequent collaborator and eventual wife of Joel Coen. Blood Simple includes genre play, dark humor, and a highly specific visual world, setting the stage for their future movies. Their next film was Raising Arizona, starring Holly Hunter and Nicolas Cage.
In 1990 the Coen Brothers made Miller's Crossing about gangsters during the Prohibition, and the following year, Barton Fink about a playwright in Los Angeles, which won the Palme d'Or at Cannes and nominations at the Oscars. 1996's Fargo won the Best Original Screenplay Oscar and Best Actress for Frances McDormand. Other films include The Big Lebowski, O Brother, Where Art Thou?, The Man Who Wasn't There, Intolerable Cruelty, The Ladykillers, No Country for Old Men (for which they received Oscars for Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Adapted Screenplay), Burn After Reading, A Serious Man, True Grit, Inside Llewyn Davis, Hail, Caesar!, and The Ballad of Buster Scruggs