The novel was adapted for a film Tropic of Cancer (1970) directed by Joseph Strick, and starring Rip Torn, James T. Callahan, and Ellen Burstyn. Miller was a "technical consultant" during the production of the movie; although he had reservations about the adaptation of the book, he praised the final movie.:147 The film was rated X in the United States, which was later changed to an NC-17 rating.
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