The Underground Railroad

The Underground Railroad Sources and ClassicNote Author

  • Colson Whitehead. The Underground Railroad. New York City: Doubleday, 2016.
  • Schulz, Kathryn. “The Perilous Lure of theUnderground Railroad.” The New Yorker,

  • Dischinger, Matthew. “States of Possibility in Colson Whitehead’s The Underground Railroad.” The Global South, vol. 11, no. 1, 2017, pp. 82–99.

  • Bial, Raymond. The Underground Railroad. Boston, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1999.

  • “Colson Whitehead’s ‘Underground Railroad’ Is A Literal Train To Freedom.” Fresh Air, NPR, 8 Aug. 2016,

  • Sekora, John. “Black Message/White Envelope: Genre, Authenticity, and Authority in the Antebellum Slave Narrative.” Callaloo, no. 32, 1987, pp. 482–515.

  • Goodheart, Adam. “The Secret History of the Underground Railroad.” The Atlantic, 16 Feb. 2015,

  • Vásquez, Juan Gabriel. “In Colson Whitehead’s Latest, the Underground Railroad Is More Than a Metaphor.” The New York Times, 20 Jan. 2018,
  • Kakutani, Michiko. “Review: ‘Underground Railroad’ Lays Bare Horrors of Slavery and Its Toxic Legacy.” The New York Times, 20 Jan. 2018,

  • Colson Whitehead. "Bio." April 15, 2019. <>.