The Death of Ivan Ilych


  1. ^ Jahn, Gary R. (1999). Tolstoy's The Death of Ivan Ilʹich: A Critical Companion. Northwestern University Press. p. 3. 
  2. ^ "Tolstoy, Leo." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 2014.
  3. ^ Tolstoy, Leo (1886). The Death of Ivan Ilyich. The Story and Its Writer. Ed. Ann Charters: Bedford/St. Martin's (2011). pp. 794–833. 
  4. ^ Westphal, Merold (1984). God, Guilt, and Death: An Existential Phenomenology of Religion. (1984) : , 1987. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press. p. 90. ISBN 0253204178. 
  5. ^ Freeman, Mark (July 1997). "Death, Narrative Integrity, and the Radical Challenge of Self-Understanding: A Reading of Tolstoy's 'Death of Ivan Ilyich'". Ageing & Society. 17 (04): 373–398.  |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  6. ^ Nabokov, Vladimir Vladimirovich (1980). Lectures On Russian Literature. Harcourt. p. 237. 
  7. ^ Merriman, C. D. (2007). "Biography of Leo Tolstoy". The Literature Network. Jalic Inc. Retrieved February 23, 2016. 
  8. ^ Tolstoy, Leo (1882). A Confession. Mineola: Dover Publications. p. 18. ISBN 0-486-43851-1. 
  9. ^ a b "The Death of Ivan Ilyich: About the Author". The Big Read(2006–2011).  Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  10. ^ Podgorski, Daniel (October 20, 2015). "Proximity to Death: Authentic Living and Authentic Dying in Leo Tolstoy's The Death of Ivan Ilyich". The Gemsbok. Your Tuesday Tome. Retrieved February 23, 2016. 
  11. ^ Kaufmann, Walter (Summer 1959). "Existentialism and Death". Chicago Review. 13 (02): 75–93.  |access-date= requires |url= (help)

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