- Gwendolyn Brooks. Report from Part One. Detroit, MI: Broadside Press, 1991.
- Stephen Caldwell Wright. On Gwendolyn Brooks. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1996.
- D.H. Melhem. Gwendolyn Brooks: Poetry and the Heroic Voice. Lexington, KY: The University Press of Kentucky, 1987.
Eldridge, R.J. "A Poetics Against Obscuring: Reflections on the Black Underclass in the Work of Gwendolyn Brooks." The Whiskey of Our Discontent, Edited by Quraysh Ali Lansana and Georgia A. Popoff, Haymarket Books, 2017, pp 21-24
- "Merriam-Webster Dictionary." 11/15/2019. <https://www.merriam-webster.com/>.