Conceptual Physics (12th Edition)

Published by Addison-Wesley
ISBN 10: 0321909100
ISBN 13: 978-0-32190-910-7

Chapter 18 - Think and Explain - Page 352-353: 77


No, this does not violate the entropy principle.

Work Step by Step

Work has been done to cause this change of state. The second law of thermodynamics says that in natural processes, order tends toward disorder. An increase in order in one part of a system is always offset by an equal or greater increase in disorder elsewhere. The increase in order of the frozen water is offset by the much greater increase in disorder of the surroundings of the refrigerator, which the refrigerator has pumped heat into and warmed up. The warmer air is more random and disordered.
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