#### Answer

The ball exerts an average force of $5054~N$ on the inexperienced catcher's gloved hand.
The ball exerts an average force of $505.4~N$ on the experienced catcher's gloved hand.

#### Work Step by Step

We can convert the ball's speed from units of km/h to units of m/s:
$130~km/h \times \frac{1000~m}{1~km} \times \frac{1~hr}{3600~s} = 36.1~m/s$
The impulse exerted by the glove is equal to the ball's change in momentum.
We can find the average force that an inexperienced catcher's gloved hand exerts on the ball:
$F~t = mv$
$F = \frac{mv}{t}$
$F = \frac{(0.140~kg)(36.1~m/s)}{0.0010~s}$
$F = 5054~N$
During the catch, the inexperienced catcher's gloved hand exerts an average force of $5054~N$ on the ball. By Newton's third law, the ball exerts an average force of $5054~N$ on the inexperienced catcher's gloved hand.
We can find the average force that an experienced catcher's gloved hand exerts on the ball:
$F~t = mv$
$F = \frac{mv}{t}$
$F = \frac{(0.140~kg)(36.1~m/s)}{0.010~s}$
$F = 505.4~N$
During the catch, the experienced catcher's gloved hand exerts an average force of $505.4~N$ on the ball. By Newton's third law, the ball exerts an average force of $505.4~N$ on the experienced catcher's gloved hand.