In the advent of modern medicine, mortality rate has significantly decreased, as people no longer die of trivial diseases. Individuals get to live to reproductive-age, which in turn increases birth rates that ultimately lead to rapid population growth. Similarly, modern agriculture resulted to a greater increase in food production, almost enough to feed the growing population. In summary, modern medicine and modern agriculture both have contributed to increase in birth rates and growth rates while at the same time reducing death rates. On the other hand, modern industry has made it possible for both birth and death rates to decrease. With the creation of more jobs, and women being part of the labor force, birth rates are reduced due to lifestyle choices including the propensity of having a second child. Modern industry also improved health care, resulting to reduced death rates.
Work Step by Step