Organic Chemistry As a Second Language, 3e: First Semester Topics

Published by John Wiley & Sons
ISBN 10: 111801040X
ISBN 13: 978-1-11801-040-2

Chapter 8 - Mechanisms - 8.2 Arrow Pushing - Problems - Page 172: 8.10

Answer

On the left side: - An arrow going from the bond between the bromine and the carbon, to the bromine. On the middle: - An arrow going from the chloride to the center carbon.

Work Step by Step

The reaction has 2 steps, so follow the steps above for each step of the reaction. 1. Identify the bonds that are breaking and the atoms that are losing a pair of electrons First step: The bromine is losing its bond with the carbon Second step: The chlorum is losing a pair of electrons. - These are the tails of the arrows. 2. Identify the bonds that are being formed and the atoms that are getting a pair of electrons. First step: The bromine is getting a pair of electrons. Second step: The chlorum is making a bond with a carbon. - These are the heads of the arows. ** When making a bond, put the head of the arrow on the atom that is "receiving" the other atom, in this case, the carbon. 3. Complete the arows.
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