Organic Chemistry 9th Edition

Published by Brooks Cole
ISBN 10: 1305080483
ISBN 13: 978-1-30508-048-5

Chapter 20 - Carboxylic Acids and Nitriles - Exercises - Page 678g: 42


See the explanation below.

Work Step by Step

In this scenario, there is a inductive effect of the functional group when transferred through sigma bonds. For Oxalic acid, the electron withdrawing inductive effect of the carbo-oxelate group will decrease the acidity of other carboxylic groups. However as the length of the acid increases the effect of one group on other will evidently decrease.
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