Organic Chemistry 9th Edition

Published by Brooks Cole
ISBN 10: 1305080483
ISBN 13: 978-1-30508-048-5

Chapter 15 - Benzene and Aromaticity - Problem: 2

Answer

The IUPAC names of the compounds are: (a) m-Bromochlorobenzene (b) (3-Methylbutyl)benzene (c) p-Bromoaniline (d) 2,5-Dichlorotoluene (e) 1-Ethyl-2,4-dinitrobenzene (f) 1,2,3,5-Tetramethylbenzene

Work Step by Step

1. The disubsituted benzenes are named using the prefixes ortho (o), meta (m) or para (p). 2. The disubsituted benzenes having more than two substituents are named by choosing the point of attachment of a substituent as carbon 1 and numbering the other substituents on the ring so that they have a number as low as possible. 3. The substituents are listed alphabetically while naming the compound.
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