The IUPAC names of the compounds are: (a) 3,4-Dibromo-2,6-dimethylheptane (b) 5-Iodohex-2-ene (c) 2-Bromo-4-chloro-2,5-dimethylhexane (d) 1-Bromo-2-ethylpentane (e) 1-Bromo-6-chlorohex-2-yne
Work Step by Step
The rules for naming the organohalides are: 1. Count and number the longest chain of carbon atoms. 2. Identify and assign the locants to the substituents. 3. Halogen atoms are assigned the lowest possible number. 4. Double and triple bonds are given higher priority than halides and hence numbering starts from the end closest to the double or triple bonds.