## General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life (5th Edition)

a. $H_2O$ is stronger than $Cl^-$ b. $OH^-$ is stronger than $NH_3$ c. $N{O_2}^-$ is stronger than $S{O_4}^{2-}$ d. $CO{_3}^{2-}$ is stronger than $H_2O$
- On the table 11.3 (Page 407), the basicity increases from top to bottom on the right side of the table. Therefore, if a base "X" is below another base "Y" in this table, we can say that $X$ is stronger than $Y$.