See explanation below.
Work Step by Step
a) Exothermic, the system (water) is releasing heat in changing from liquid to solid. b) Endothermic, the system (water) is absorbing heat in changing from liquid to gas. c) Exothermic, the process of digestion breaks down food and releases energy. d) Exothermic, heat is released as a person runs and muscles perform work. e) Endothermic, heat is absorbed as food calories are converted to body tissue. f) Endothermic, the wood being chopped absorbs heat (and work). g) Exothermic, the furnace releases heat from fuel combustion. Alternatively, if the system is defined as the air in the house, the change is endothermic since the air’s temperature is increasing by the input of heat energy.