Chemistry: The Central Science (13th Edition)

Published by Prentice Hall
ISBN 10: 0321910419
ISBN 13: 978-0-32191-041-7

Chapter 24 - The Chemistry of Life: Organic and Biological Chemistry - Exercises - Page 1084: 24.15b



Work Step by Step

1. The longest carbon chain consists of 10 carbon atoms if we start counting from the left-hand side. Therefore, the base name for this alkane is decane. 2. To give substituent group the smallest number, counting is done from the right-hand side. There are two methyl groups present, one on carbon number 2 and the other on carbon number 4. Hence it is written as 2,4-dimethyl. 3. Also, an ethyl group is present on carbon number 4. So its written as 4-ethyl. 4. While naming the compound, Substituent Groups are written in alphabetical order, thus, 4-ethyl, 2,4-dimethyldecane.
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