Chemistry: The Molecular Science (5th Edition)

Published by Cengage Learning
ISBN 10: 1285199049
ISBN 13: 978-1-28519-904-7

Chapter 2 - Chemical Compounds - Summary Problem - Part II - Page 89: a


Ammonium dichromate: (NH$_4$)$_2$Cr$_2$O$_7$ Ammonium nitrate: NH$_4$NO$_3$ Trinitrotoluene: C$_7$H$_5$N$_3$O$_6$

Work Step by Step

Ammonium dichromate is an ionic compound of ammonium, NH$_4^+$, and dichromate, Cr$_2$O$_7^{2-}$ ions. The ammonium ion has a charge of +1, but the dichromate ion has a charge of -2, so twice as many ammonium ions are needed to balance the charge. The ammonium ion is placed in parentheses and subscripted with a 2 to demonstrate that the ions are in a 2:1 ratio. Ammonium nitrate is an ionic compound of ammonium and nitrate, NO$_3^-$ ions. They have the same charge so no balancing is needed, they will be in a 1:1 ratio. Trinitrotoluene is a molecular compound. Each atom is simply subscripted with the number of each atom in one molecule.
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