## Chemistry: The Molecular Science (5th Edition)

Published by Cengage Learning

# Chapter 15 - Additional Aqueous Equilibria - Problem Solving Practice 15.6 - Page 670: b

#### Answer

$pH = 1.48$

#### Work Step by Step

1000ml = 1L 1. Find the numbers of moles: $C(HCl) * V(HCl) = 0.1* 0.05 = 5 \times 10^{-3}$ moles $C(NaOH) * V(NaOH) = 0.1* 0.025 = 2.5 \times 10^{-3}$ moles 2. Write the acid-base reaction: $HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq) -- \gt NaCl(aq) + H_2O(l)$ - Total volume: 0.05 + 0.025 = 0.075L 3. Since the base is the limiting reactant, only $0.0025$ mol of the compounds will react. Therefore: Concentration (M) = $\frac{n(mol)}{Volume(L)}$ $[HCl] = 0.005 - 0.0025 = 2.5 \times 10^{-3}$ moles. Concentration: $\frac{2.5 \times 10^{-3}}{ 0.075} = 0.033M$ $[NaOH] = 0.0025 - 0.0025 = 0$ moles - Since $HCl$ is a strong acid: $[HCl] = [H_3O^+] = 0.033M$ 5. Calculate the pH value: $pH = -log[H_3O^+]$ $pH = -log( 0.033)$ $pH = 1.48$

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