Chemistry: Molecular Approach (4th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0134112830
ISBN 13: 978-0-13411-283-1

Chapter 8 - Section 8.3 - Electron Configurations: How Electrons Occupy Orbitals - Conceptual Connection: 8.1

Answer

The potential energy of two oppositely charged particles becomes more negative as they get closer together.

Work Step by Step

According to Coulomb's law, the potential energy is directly proportional to the product of charges and inversely proportional to the distance. For two oppositely charged particles, the potential energy is negative. As they move closer together, the potential energy becomes more negative.
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