#### Answer

a. pH = 8.02: Basic solution.
b. pH = 11.85: Basic solution.

#### Work Step by Step

a. $$pH = -log[H_3O^+] = -log( 9.5 \times 10^{-9} ) = 8.02 $$
Since pH $\gt$ 7, the solution is basic.
b.
$$[H_3O^+] = \frac{1.0 \times 10^{-14}}{[OH^-]} = \frac{1.0 \times 10^{-14}}{ 7.1 \times 10^{-3} } = 1.4 \times 10^{-12} \space M$$
$$pH = -log[H_3O^+] = -log( 1.4 \times 10^{-12} ) = 11.85 $$
Since pH $\gt$ 7, the solution is basic.