Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity (9th Edition)

Published by Cengage Learning
ISBN 10: 1133949649
ISBN 13: 978-1-13394-964-0

Let's Review: The Tools of Quantitative Chemistry - Study Questions: 23

Answer

a) $5.4\times10^{-2}g$, 2 b) $5.462\times10^3g$, 4 c) $7.92\times10^{-4}g$, 3 d) $1.6\times10^3mL$, 2

Work Step by Step

a) For the first significant figure to be before the decimal, the number needs to be shifted twice to the left, with a -2 power of ten to make it equal. $0.054 g=5.4\times10^{-2}g$, only the 5 and the 4 are significant figures. b) For there to be only one digit before the decimal, the number must be shifted three times to the right, with a 3 power of ten to make it equal. $5462g = 5.462\times10^3g$, all digits are significant figures. c) For the first significant figure to be before the decimal, the number needs to be shifted fourth times to the left, with a -4 power of ten to make it equal. $0.000792 g=7.92\times10^{-4}g$: the 7 the 9 and the 2 are significant figures. d) For there to be only one digit before the decimal, the number must be shifted three times to the right, with a 3 power of ten to make it equal. $1600mL= 1.6\times10^3mL$ This is the ambiguous scenario, but by the book's definition, only the 1 and the 6 are significant figures.
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