Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity (9th Edition)

Published by Cengage Learning
ISBN 10: 1133949649
ISBN 13: 978-1-13394-964-0

Chapter 5 Principles of Chemical Reactivity: Energy and Chemical Reactions - Study Questions - Page 217h: 107


$118.2\ g$

Work Step by Step

Volume of the house: $275\ m^2\times 2.50\ m=687.5\ m^3$ Number of moles of air: $687.5\ m^3\times 1000\ L/m^3 \times 1.22\ g/L \div 28.9\ g/mol=29022.5\ mol$ Heat required: $29022.5\ mol\times 29.1\ J/mol.K\times(22.0-15.0)\ K=5911.9\ kJ$ Methane combustion: $CH_4(g)+2\ O_2(g)\rightarrow CO_2(g)+2\ H_2O(g)$ Heat of combustion, from enthalpies of formation: $-393.509+2\times-241.83--74.87=-802.3\ kJ/mol$ Mass of methane required: $5911.9\ kJ\div802.3\ kJ/mol\times16.04\ g/mol=118.2\ g$
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