Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity (9th Edition)

Published by Cengage Learning
ISBN 10: 1133949649
ISBN 13: 978-1-13394-964-0

Chapter 15 Principles of Chemical Reactivity: Equilibria - 15-6 Disturbing a Chemical Equilibrium - Case Study - Questions - Page 579: 1


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Work Step by Step

a) Through oxidation to nitric acid and reaction with ammonia itself. $NH_3+7/2\ O_2\rightarrow \ NO_2+3/2\ H_2O$ $NO_2+1/2\ H_2O\rightarrow 1/2\ HNO_3+1/2\ HNO_2$ $1/2\ HNO_3+1/2\ NH_3\rightarrow 1/2\ NH_4NO_3$ b) Since the reaction is exothermic, the high temperature wouldn't favor the formation of urea, but since the products-side has a lower number of moles of gases, higher pressure would favor urea formation.
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