## Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity (9th Edition)

a) From the chart (1 atm): $-27.5°C$ b) From the chart ($25°C$): 6.5 atm c) The pressure in the cylinder is much greater than atmosphere's initially, but it converges to a point where they are the same. Ice forms because the temperature at which the vapor pressure is 1 atm is below the freezing point of water vapor in the air. d) 1 and 3 are effective but dangerous, and 2 would require pumping the gas out due to the pressure being lower than the atmosphere's.