Chemistry: A Molecular Approach (3rd Edition)

Published by Prentice Hall
ISBN 10: 0321809246
ISBN 13: 978-0-32180-924-7

Chapter 1 - Sections 1.1-1.8 - Exercises - Problems by Topic - Page 40: 102


$$4.1 mL$$

Work Step by Step

First we calculate the mass concentration of solution. To do so, we divide mass with volume: $100mg\div5ml=20mg/ml$ 2. Next, we convert the body weight from lbs to kg. The conversion factor is 1 lbs = 0.45359 kg. $18lbs×0.45359lb/kg=8.16466kg$ 3. Next we multiply the body weight in kg with mass of ibuprofen needed per kg to get the required mass of ibuprofen. $8.16466kgkg×10mg/kg=81.6466mg$ 4. Finally, we divide the required mass of ibuprofen with its mass concentration to get the required volume of ibuprofen solution $81.6466mg÷20mg/ml=4.08233ml$ 5. Round to two significant figures to get $$4.1ml$$
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