Chemistry 9th Edition

Published by Cengage Learning
ISBN 10: 1133611095
ISBN 13: 978-1-13361-109-7

Chapter 2 - Atoms, Molecules, and Ions - Exercises: 40

Answer

$R_3Q$

Work Step by Step

By the law of multiple proportions, we find the following ratios of elements of R to 1 gram of Q for both compounds: Compound 1: 14.0/3.0=4.67 grams of R per 1 gram of Q Compound 2: 7.00/4.50=1.56 grams of R per 1 gram of Q The ratio of these two values is 3. Therefore, if the formula of the second compound is $RQ$, because there is three times more R per gram of Q in the first compound, the formula of the first compound would be $R_3Q$ by the law of multiple proportions.
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