Chemistry 10th Edition

Published by Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.
ISBN 10: 1133610668
ISBN 13: 978-1-13361-066-3

Chapter 2 - Chemical Formulas and Composition Stoichiometrhy - Exercises - Names and Formulas: 15

Answer

(a) Magnesium chloride (b) Iron(II) nitrate (c) Sodium sulfate (d) Calcium hydroxide (e) Iron(II) sulfate

Work Step by Step

To write the names of the compunds you have to reverse apply the rules of inorganic nomenclature. If you have a metal-non and metal compound you first name the metal, which usually is the cation, and then you name the non-metal with $-ide$ at the end of the name of the atom. Sometimes you need to specify the oxidation state by adding roman numerals after the atom's symbol. If you have a non-metal and non-metal compund you have to write the cation's name first (the positive atom) and then the anion (the negative atom) followed by $-ide$. If the compound has $hydrogen$ and another atom it is a binary acid; in this case you add the prefix $hydro-$ followed by the other atom's name followed by $-ic$ and $acid$. When you encounter atoms bonded to $oxygen$ you name the atom bonded with the $oxygen$ and add $-ate$ at the end of the name.
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