Chemistry 10th Edition

Published by Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.
ISBN 10: 1133610668
ISBN 13: 978-1-13361-066-3

Chapter 2 - Chemical Formulas and Composition Stoichiometrhy - Exercises - Names and Formulas - Page 73: 13


(a) $C_{4}H_{10}$ (b) $CH^{3}CH_{2}OH$ (c) $SO_{3}$ (d) $CH_{3}COCH_{3}$ (e) $CCl_{6}$

Work Step by Step

To write the names of the compunds you have to reverse apply the rules of inorganic nomenclature. If you have a metal-non and metal compound you first name the metal, which usually is the cation, and then you name the non-metal with −ide at the end of the name of the atom. Sometimes you need to specify the oxidation state by adding roman numerals after the atom's symbol. If you have a non-metal and non-metal compund you have to write the cation's name first (the positive atom) and then the anion (the negative atom) followed by −ide. If the compound has hydrogen and another atom it is a binary acid; in this case you add the prefix hydro− followed by the other atom's name followed by −ic and acid. When you encounter atoms bonded to oxygen you name the atom bonded with the oxygen and add −ate at the end of the name.
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