Microbiology: Principles and Explorations 9th Edition

Published by Wiley
ISBN 10: 1-11874-316-4
ISBN 13: 978-1-11874-316-4

Chapter 8 - Gene Transfer and Genetic Engineering - Self Quiz - Page 240: 11


(b) Gene amplification (a) Genetic engineering (d) Protoplast fusion (c) Restriction endonucleases (f) Genetic fusion (e) Transgenic

Work Step by Step

The following are some of the genetic engineering terms and their corresponding description: Gene amplification- The addition of plasmids to microorganisms in order to increase the yield of useful gene products; Genetic engineering- manipulation of genetic material to alter an organism's characteristics; Protoplast fusion- Combines organisms without cell walls, allowing them to mix their genetic information; Restriction endonucleases- Enzyme that recognizes specific sequences of 4 to 8 base pairs of DNA where it then cuts across to create a restriction fragment; Genetic fusion- Allows the transposition and joining of genes from two separate genes that were originally located at different positions on the chromosome; Transgenic- Results when a new DNA is produced by taking genes from one kind of organism and introducing them into the genome of another different organism.
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