Microbiology: Principles and Explorations 9th Edition

Published by Wiley
ISBN 10: 1-11874-316-4
ISBN 13: 978-1-11874-316-4

Chapter 21 - Diseases of the Respiratory System - Self Quiz - Page 687: 3


(e) All of the above are true

Work Step by Step

Diphtheria is caused by strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae infected with a prophage that carries an exotoxin producing gene. This exotoxin spreads throughout the body, damaging multiple organ systems by interfering with cellular protein synthesis. A pseudomembrane composed of Corynebacterium diphtheriae can block the airway and cause suffocation. Diphtheria can be prevented with DTP (diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis) vaccine and treated with both antitoxin and antibiotics.
Update this answer!

You can help us out by revising, improving and updating this answer.

Update this answer

After you claim an answer you’ll have 24 hours to send in a draft. An editor will review the submission and either publish your submission or provide feedback.