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Option A is incorrect. Endospores form when prokaryotes like bacteria experience adverse environmental conditions. Option B is incorrect. The lysogenic cycle describes the process in which viruses incorporate their genetic material into their host cell's DNA. This viral nucleic acid is replicated and passed onto the host cell's offspring. Option D is incorrect. Binary fission is a type of asexual reproduction in which the two resulting cells are identical to one another. Option C is correct. Conjugation is the process by which one bacterium transfers genetic material to another.