Biology (11th Edition)

Published by McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN 10: 1-25918-813-2
ISBN 13: 978-1-25918-813-8

Chapter 25 - Evolution of Development - Review Questions - Synthesize: 6


Direct and indirect development differ largely in the timing and extent of developmental stages. Direct development hastens some embryonic changes and produces a small adult right away without a larval stage. This could be accomplished relatively simply by changing expression of a relatively few control genes, which, in turn, alter the expression of many other genes which produce actual structures.

Work Step by Step

The concept of a few control genes altering expression of many others, called the developmental toolkit concept, is extremely powerful in explaining what was, before the 1980's-1990's, puzzling large differences among animals. These few genes are like the supervisors of an assembly line who can quickly and significantly alter what comes off the line with a few powerful instructions.
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