Biology (11th Edition)

Published by McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN 10: 1-25918-813-2
ISBN 13: 978-1-25918-813-8

Chapter 23 - Systematics, Phylogenies, and Comparative Biology - Figure 23.3 - Data Analysis: 1


Please see the table. Ancestral states (0's): hair: yes, amniotic membrane: no, tail: yes.

Work Step by Step

Just use 0=ancestral state and 1=derived state after defining what those are. Then just encode what you know about the organisms for each of the three characters into a table using those numbers.
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