Judge Overton states the following characteristics as Essential characteristics of science: 1. It is guided by natural law. 2. It must be explanatory by reference to natural law. 3. Its conjectures are testable against the empirical world. 4. Its conclusions are tentative and not necessarily the final word. 5. It is falsifiable
Work Step by Step
These criteria form the basis for the scientific method, which is called hypothetico-deductive. Scientific hypotheses follow physical-chemical laws that govern the state of existence. Arguments based on supernatural or miraculous explanations, such as “creation science” or “intelligent design,” aren’t backed by such laws and therefore aren’t valid scientific hypotheses.