Zoned reserves can provide economic incentives for their continued conservation through tourism and access to sustained resources.
Work Step by Step
The main economic incentive for nature reserves is tourism. The parks themselves charge entrance fees for recreational access, overnight fees for lodging, and generate additional revenue around concessions and supply sales to visitors during their stay. This revenue allows the park to continue to provide services and maintenance. Additionally, the attraction of tourists to the area creates an incentive for nearby towns to support the reserve as visitors spend money at local businesses on their way to or from the park. Another incentive for the creation of reserved areas is continued access to resources that would otherwise be depleted or disrupted if the land were privately owned. This can take a variety of different forms— for example, protection of an area important for the replenishment of an aquifer would have a cascading benefit to any people or businesses that rely on this as a source of water.