In deductive reasoning, we form a theory and examine the possibilities to reach that. Hence, we go from theory to observation (specific). Example of Deductive reasoning: All humans are mammals. Tim is human. Therefore, Tim is a mammal. In inductive reasoning, we collect and analyze data and form a theory. Hence, we go from observation (specific) to theory. Example of Inductive Reasoning: Tim is human. Tim is also a mammal. Therefore, all humans are mammals.
Work Step by Step
Collecting and analyzing observations can lead to important conclusions based on a type of logic is called inductive reasoning. Deductive reasoning involves logic that flows in the opposite direction, from the general to the specific. From general premises, we extrapolate to the specific results we should expect if the premises are true.