Campbell Biology (11th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0-13409-341-0
ISBN 13: 978-0-13409-341-3

Chapter 1 - 1.3 - Concept Check - Page 22: 2


In deductive reasoning, we form a theory and examine the possibilities to reach that. Hence, we go from theory to observation (specific). Example of Deductive reasoning: All humans are mammals. Tim is human. Therefore, Tim is a mammal. In inductive reasoning, we collect and analyze data and form a theory. Hence, we go from observation (specific) to theory. Example of Inductive Reasoning: Tim is human. Tim is also a mammal. Therefore, all humans are mammals.

Work Step by Step

Collecting and analyzing observations can lead to important conclusions based on a type of logic is called inductive reasoning. Deductive reasoning involves logic that flows in the opposite direction, from the general to the specific. From general premises, we extrapolate to the specific results we should expect if the premises are true.
Update this answer!

You can help us out by revising, improving and updating this answer.

Update this answer

After you claim an answer you’ll have 24 hours to send in a draft. An editor will review the submission and either publish your submission or provide feedback.