Trigonometry (11th Edition) Clone

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 978-0-13-421743-7
ISBN 13: 978-0-13421-743-7

Chapter 5 - Quiz (Sections 5.1-5.4) - Page 230: 5a



Work Step by Step

$$\cos A=\frac{3}{5}\hspace{1cm}\sin B=-\frac{5}{13}\hspace{1cm}0\lt A\lt \frac{\pi}{2}\hspace{1cm}\pi\lt B\lt\frac{3\pi}{2}$$ Since $0\lt A\lt \frac{\pi}{2}$, we get that $A$ is in quadrant I, meaning $\sin A$ and $\cos A$ are positive. Also, $\pi\lt B\lt\frac{3\pi}{2}$ means that $B$ is in quadrant III, and both $\sin B$ and $\cos B$ are negative. To do this exercise, we need to know the exact values of $\sin A$, $\cos A$, $\sin B$ and $\cos B$. And we can figure them using Pythagorean Identities. $$\sin^2 A=1-\cos^2 A=1-\Big(\frac{3}{5}\Big)^2=1-\frac{9}{25}=\frac{16}{25}$$ $$\sin A=\frac{4}{5}\hspace{1cm}(\sin A\gt0)$$ $$\cos^2 B=1-\sin^2 B=1-\Big(-\frac{5}{13}\Big)^2=1-\Big(\frac{25}{169}\Big)=\frac{144}{169}$$ $$\cos B=-\frac{12}{13}\hspace{1cm}(\cos B\lt0)$$ Now we can calculate $\cos(A+B)$. According to the identity of cosine sum, we have $$\cos(A+B)=\cos A\cos B-\sin A\sin B$$ $$\cos(A+B)=\frac{3}{5}\Big(-\frac{12}{13}\Big)-\frac{4}{5}\Big(-\frac{5}{13}\Big)$$ $$\cos(A+B)=-\frac{36}{65}+\frac{20}{65}$$ $$\cos(A+B)=-\frac{16}{65}$$
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