Remainder = $161$ $(x+3)$ is not a factor of $f(x)$.
Work Step by Step
The Remainder Theorem states that when a function $f(x)$ is divided by $(x-R)$ , then the remainder will be: $f(R)$. Now, $f(-32)=-4(-3)^3+5(-3)^2+8=161 \ne0$, The Factor Theorem states that if $f(a)=0$, then $(x-a)$ is a factor of $f(x)$ and vice versa. Therefore, by the Factor Theorem $(x+3)$ is not a factor of $f(x)$ .