## Precalculus (6th Edition)

$2$; $3$
RECALL: (1) The graph of the function $y=f(x-h)$ involves a horizontal shift of $|h|$ units (to the right when $h$ is positive, to the left when $h$ is negative) of the parent function $y=f(x)$. (2) The graph of the function $y=f(x)+k$ involves a vertical shift of $|k|$ units (upward when $k$ is positive, downward when $k$ is negative) of the parent function $y=f(x)$. The parent function of the given function is $y=x^3$. The given function can be written as $fx)=[x-(-2)]^3+(-3)$. Thus, the given function involves a horizontal and a vertical translation of the parent function $y=x^3$. Since $h=-2$ and $k=-3$, then the graph of the given function involves a 3-unit shift to the left and 3-unit shift downward of the parent function $y=x^3$. Therefore, the missing expressions in the given statement (in order) are: $2$; $3$