Precalculus (10th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0-32197-907-9
ISBN 13: 978-0-32197-907-0

Chapter 5 - Exponential and Logarithmic Functions - 5.4 Logarithmic Functions - 5.4 Assess Your Understanding - Page 295: 33



Work Step by Step

The definition of the logarithmic function says that $y=\log_a{x}$ if and only if $a^y=x$. Also, $a\gt0,a\ne1$ and $x\gt0$. Hence $\log_{10} {\sqrt{10}}=y$, then $\left(10\right)^y=\sqrt{10}$ and we know that $\sqrt{10}=\left(10\right)^{\frac{1}{2}}.$ Thus, $\left(10\right)^{y}=\left(10\right)^{\frac{1}{2}}$. We know that $a^b=a^c\longrightarrow b=c$ if $a\ne1,a\ne-1$ (which applies here), hence $y=\frac{1}{2}$.
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