Elementary Geometry for College Students (6th Edition)

Published by Brooks Cole
ISBN 10: 9781285195698
ISBN 13: 978-1-28519-569-8

Chapter 4 - Section 4.4 - The Trapezoid - Exercises - Page 202: 33


1. The edges of trapezoids are straight lines. 2. Thus, as a line in between the two sides of the trapezoids goes downward, its length decreases constantly. 3. Because its length decreases constantly, its length will be the average of the upper length and the bottom length. Using the equation for average, we obtain: $EF = 1/2(AB + DC)$

Work Step by Step

Using theorem 4.4.7 we conclude that segment AM = MC. So that M is the midpoint of segment AC. 1- in a triangle ADC, EM= 1/2 DC 2- in a triangle ABC, MF= 1/2 AB 3- by segment addition property EF= EM+ MF therefore by substitution EF= 1/2 DC+ 1/2 AB .
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